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Beijing


In 1949 Beijing became the capital of People's Republic of China, established on October 1st 1949.
Beijing emerged as a city as far back as the Western Zhou Dynasty (11th century - 770 B.C.), when it was known as Ji. During the Warring States Period (475-221 B.C.), it was the capital of the state Yan. Ji remained a city of strategic importance and trade center for well over a thousand years. Then, in the early 10th century, it became the secondary capital of the Liao Dynasty under the name of Yanjing. Between 1115 and 1911, it served in succession as capital of the Jin, Yuan, Ming and Qing dynasties. In 1949 Beijing became the capital of People's Republic of China, established on October 1st 1949. In 2008 Beijing was the host of the Olympic Games.
The long history of Beijing has left many superb historical legacies, such as the Tiananmen Gatetower, the symbol of Beijing as well as of China; Tiananmen Square, the largest city square in the world; the former Imperial Palace (the "Forbidden City"), the largest and best preserved ancient architectural complex in the world; and the Great Wall at Badaling, one of the seven wonders of the world.

Beijing has an urban population of around 9 million, and is not only the nation's political center, but also its cultural, scientific and educational center, and a key transportation hub. Situated on the north edge of the North China Plain, it is sheltered by chains of mountains to the west, north and east. In southeastern part is a plain. Beijing's temperate climate produces four clearly contrasted seasons: a short spring, rainy and humid summer, long and cold winter and a very pleasant autumn.

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