|Chongqing is said to be the semi-mythical State of Ba that Ba people supposedly established during the eleventh century BC. By 316 BC, however, it had been overrun by the State of Qin. The Qin emperor ordered a new city to be constructed, which was called Jiang and Chu Prefecture. From 1929, Chongqing became a municipality of the Republic of China and it was Chaing Kai-Shek's provisional capital and was heavily bombed by the Japanese Air Force during the second World War.
Chongqing has a humid subtropical climate, with the two-season monsoonal variations typical of South Asia. Chongqing's summers are among the hottest in China. The temperature can be as high as 43C, with an average of 35C in August. Winters are fairly mild, but damp and overcast; average January highs are 9C. Chongqing has one of the lowest sunshine totals of China. The weather is at its best in the spring and fall so this is the best time of the year to visit Chongqing.
Chongqing has a large number of tourist attractions. Among these are The Dazu Rock Carvings, dating back as far as the 7th century AD. Listed as a UNESCO World cultural Heritage Site, The Dazu Rock Carvings are made up of 75 protected sites containing some 50,000 statues, with over 100,000 Chinese characters forming inscriptions and epigraphs. Another attraction is the natural bridges and Furong Cave in Wulong listed as a World natural Heritage site. Chongqing has an impressive skyline of numerous skyscrapers. A must see for all first time tourists is the magnificent night view. The city is also known for its more than three thousand bridges.