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North China Plain


This region of North China Plain includes the provinces of Henan, Hebei, Shandong.


This region of North China Plain includes the provinces of Henan,Hebei, Shandong, and the northern parts of Jiangsu and Anhui. Moving north to south, the area has from 190 to 250 frost-free days, light snowfall, and hot (30 C), rainy summers. Rich deposits from the Huang He river and its tributaries have enriched and built up the soils in many areas. Agriculture is intensive, with some 40% of the total area now under cultivation.

About 30 percent of the Chinese population live here, most engaged in agriculture. Average population density is 400 persons per square kilometer, mainly concentrated in nickeled villages of fifty to several hundred households, surrounded by fields.


Some of the surplus rural labor has been absorbed into the industrial and commercial growth of major cities - such as Beijing, Jinan, Luoyang, Shijiazhuang and Tianjin - or industrial centers such as Shandong's Shengli oil fields and the coastal developed zones.

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