|Wuhan is situated in the middle of Hubei Province of China, east of Jianghan Plain. The metropolitan area comprises three parts: Wuchang, Hankou and Hanyang, commonly called "the three towns of Wuhan". The name itself combines "Wu" from the first city with "Han" from the other two. The consolidation of these three cities occurred in 1927, and Wuhan was thereby established. The city of Wuhan has a population of approximately 9.1 million people, with about 6.1 million residents in its urban area.
The area was first settled more than 3,000 years ago. During the Han Dynasty, Hynyang became a fairly busy port. In the 3rd AD one of the most famous battles in Chinese history - the Battle of Red Cliffs - took place in the vicinity of the cliffs near Wuhan. Around that time, walls were built to protect Hanyang and Wuchang. Under the Mongol rulers, Wuchang was promoted to the status of provincial capital. After being taken by the Japanese in 1938, Wuhan became a major Japanese logistics center for operations in southern China. In December 1944, the city was largely destroyed by US firebombing raids. In 1967, civil strife struck the city in the Wuhan Incident as a result of tension brought by the Cultural Revolution.
Wuhan's climate is a subtropical monsoon one with abundant rainfall and distinctive four seasons. Wuhan is known its oppressively humid summers. Spring and autumn are generally mild, while winter is cool with occasional snow. In the recent thirty years, the average rainfall is 1269 mm, mainly from June to August. Annual temperatures is 15.8C-17.5C, annual frost free period lasts 211 to 272 days.
At Wuhan you can find the East Lake (the largest lake within a city in China) and South Lake. Some luxury riverboat tours begin in Wuhan, with several days of flatland cruising and the climbing through the Three Gorges with passage upstream past the Gezhouba and Three Gorges dams to the city of Chongqing. The Yellow Crane Tower, modern in structure, ancient in lore and legend. The original tower is presumed to have been first built in approximately 220 AD. The tower has been destroyed and reconstructed numerous times, was burned last according to some sources in 1884. Visit Jiqing Street, a street full of road side restaurants and street performers during the evening.